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Genital Warts Treatment Singapore
What are Genital Warts?
Genital Warts or medically known as Condylomata Acuminata, are unusual bumps found around the genital area. Genital warts are sexually transmitted infections and are caused by human papillomavirus. Human papillomaviruses have 100 different types however genital warts are caused by types 6 and 11.
So, if you notice one or multiple warts around the cervix, vagina, or vulva in females, or on the penis or urethra in males, it can be genital warts and you get it checked.
What Do They Look Like?
Genital warts usually appear in a cluster of three or four bumps. They can be pink, red, white, or fleshy. These warts look like cauliflower. However, sometimes these warts can be extremely tiny and hard to detect.
Are There Any Symptoms?
Genital warts generally don’t have any symptoms and can go undetected for a long time. The mild symptoms of genital warts are itching, discomfort, pain, and bleeding. These symptoms often go unnoticed until warts physically appear. Warts normally appear after 2 to 3 months of contact with an infectious person. Physical symptoms of genital warts include:
Fleshy growth around the genital area
Flat, papular, exophytic, filiform, or cauliflower-like warts.
The size of a wart can be small or large
Appear in multiple numbers. Usually between 5 to 15 warts.
They are painless unless touched.
Warts are 1 to 10 mm in size.
What Are The Causes Of Genital Warts?
Genital warts are transmitted through skin-to-skin contact that is when an infected person comes in close contact with you. Genital warts are normally transmitted through sexual activity. It can be oral sex, anal sex, or sexual intercourse with an infected person. You can also get infected if
you come in contact with an infected finger or sex toy.
When You Should Get Tested For Genital Warts?
If you have come in contact with an infected person, you should get tested before it gets serious. Generally, people who have multiple sexual partners or who frequently change sexual partners are at high risk of contracting genital warts. Also, people who have intercourse without the use of a barrier (condoms) may contract genital warts.
So, if any of the above conditions come true for you, you should frequently get tested for STIs because genital warts appear after 2 months of contraction. Therefore, get tested in order to receive timely genital warts treatment Singapore.
What Is The Treatment Method Of Genital Warts In Singapore?
There are two common methods of genital warts treatment Singapore. However, these methods only remove warts, but the virus is not eradicated through these methods. That is why warts may reappear and you might need the warts treatment again.
1. Topical Creams
For genital wart treatment, your doctor may prescribe you a topical cream to remove warts. These creams enhance the production of interferon and cytokines that help heal your skin. It is a non-invasive and tolerable method of genital warts treatment. You will be instructed to apply the cream over the infected area at 3 nights per week and for it to be washed off in the morning. This method has a 60-70% success rate and will take up to 16 weeks to treat.
However, discoloration, itchiness, redness, burning, and tenderness are common side effects of topical creams. And if the side effects worsen, you should consult your doctor.
2. Cryotherapy (Liquid Nitrogen)
Cryotherapy is the more popular method of genital warts treatment Singapore. In this method, liquid nitrogen spray is used to freeze warts. As a result, warts fall off in a few days. It is a simple and highly effective method of genital warts treatment and has a success rate of 90%. Normally, the warts are removed in the first session. However, if not, you might need to repeat the process in 1 to 3 weeks.
Although cryotherapy is the safest method of genital warts treatment, there are some possible side effects of this treatment. You may feel edema, blisters, hypopigmentation, but scarring is a very rare side effect of cryotherapy.
How To Prevent Genital Warts?
Genital warts or HPV can be prevented through HPV vaccination. The quadrivalent and nine-valent HPV vaccines are approved to be used on both males and females. It is recommended to have an HPV vaccine before the start of sexual activity. However, if you have already begun sexual activity, the HPV vaccine will still protect you against HPV.
The HPV vaccine course consists of three injections over 6 months (0, 2, and 6). We recommend HPV vaccines for all males and females before the start of sexual activity.